Democracy and Social Transition in the Baltic Sea Region - Lithuania 2001

SND-ID: snd0760-6. Version: 1.0. DOI:


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Elfar Loftsson - Södertörn University, School of Social Science

Yonhyok Choe - Södertörn University, School of Social Science orcid

Research principal

Södertörns högskola - School of Social Science rorId


This is the second survey conducted at the Södertörn University College by the project 'Democracy and Social Transition in the Baltic Sea Region'. The first survey was carried out in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1999. In connection with the follow-up survey in 2001, a similar survey was also carried out in Poland. To address peoples' perception on social and political changes, a number of questions was asked concerning: Political efficacy and political participation, political trust, evaluation of the electoral process, conceptions and evaluation of environmental issues, civil rights and duties, and an evaluation on household economy and economic situation. To acquire comparability with other Citizen Survey Studies conducted at Uppsala University in Sweden and at six university institutes of European countries, the modules are similar to their questions in structure and wordings.

Data contains personal data



Method and outcome

Unit of analysis


Individuals aged 18 or older

Time Method

Sampling procedure

Probability: Multistage
In Lithuania, the two-staged stratified sampling was used to extract the sample. First. Lithuania was divided geographically into 15 strata (10 counties and 5 cities). In Latvia, the entire nation was divided into 113 strata, of which 36 was from Riga, 41 from towns and 36 parishes. The size of the sample in each stratum was based on the proportion of inhabitants. Secondly, samples were extracted in each stratum. The primary sampling points were selected at random from the population registers of the Lithuanian Department of Statistics. Then the primary sampling units were selected using the route-sampling technique. Each seventh household was selected in urban areas and each fifth in rural areas. The secondary sampling units - individuals - were chosen using the next-birthday rule. Not more than 8 respondents were interviewed per one sampling point.

Time period(s) investigated

2001 – 2001



Number of individuals/objects


Data format / data structure

Data collection
  • Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 2001 – 2001
  • Instrument: Baltic Survey 2001 (Structured questionnaire) - The questionnaire was written in English. For conducting interviews in the three countries, the original version was translated into Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian and Russian. In order to check whether the translated text captured the meaning of the original texts, some questions were retranslated into English. The translations were done by each national survey institute.
  • Source of the data: Population group
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Lithuania

Lowest geographic unit


Highest geographic unit


Administrative information

Responsible department/unit

School of Social Science

Topic and keywords

Research area

Working conditions (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Elections (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Political behaviour and attitudes (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Social sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Political science (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Social behaviour and attitudes (CESSDA Topic Classification)


Loftsson, E., & Choe, Y. (2003). Political representation and participation in transitional democracies : Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Libris | Google Books
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52
ISBN: 9189315146

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s). If you are responsible for the catalogue entry, you can update the metadata/data description in DORIS.

Published: 2011-02-08
Last updated: 2023-08-16