Attitudes to inequality 1991 - A Swedish survey

SND-ID: snd0297-1. Version: 1.1. DOI:

Is part of collection at SND: ISSP - International Social Survey Programme


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Stefan Svallfors - Umeå University, Department of Sociology

Research principal

Umeå University - Department of Sociology rorId


The survey deals with Swede's attitudes towards inequality. Questions asked are mainly taken from the 1987 'Social inequality' module of the International Social Survey Program (ISSP). Respondents were asked to specify how important different background factors are for the opportunities to get ahead in life. Furthermore they had to state what they believe people in different occupations actually earn, as well as what they considered they should earn. Other questions dealt with income inequalities; factors important when deciding the salary; taxes and how they affect different groups; and how big opposition there are between different social groups in Sweden. Demographic data on respondents such as age, sex, employment, income, marital status, education, religion, political affiliation, and trade union membership also are provided. Questions were also asked about the occupation of the respondent's father and the respondent was asked to compare the status of his/her own occupation with the father's.

Data contains personal data



Method and outcome

Unit of analysis


Individuals aged 18-74 years and residing in Sweden.

Sampling procedure

Probability: Simple random
Urvalsdragningen skedde ur registret över totalbefolkningen, RTB.

Time period(s) investigated

1991-04-14 – 1991-07-11



Number of individuals/objects



A subsample was drawn among those who had still not responded after two subsequent reminders. 50% of them were selected for telephone interviewing, following the normal practices of Statistics Sweden. All respondents in the subsample has accordingly been given the weight 2. In order to keep the representativeness of the sample, all calculations should be made using the weight.

Response rate/participation rate


Data format / data structure

Data collection

Data collection 1

  • Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 1991-02 – 1991-04
  • Sample size: 1498
  • Non response size: 583
  • Source of the data: Population group

Data collection 2

  • Mode of collection: Telephone interview
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 1991-04 – 1991-04
  • Source of the data: Population group
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Sweden

Lowest geographic unit

County (NUTS3)

Highest geographic unit


Administrative information

Responsible department/unit

Department of Sociology

Topic and keywords

Research area

Social sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Sociology (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Income, property and investment/saving (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Equality, inequality and social exclusion (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Social behaviour and attitudes (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Social conditions and indicators (CESSDA Topic Classification)


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Stenberg, K., & Svallfors, S. (1992) Attitudes to inequality - a Swedish survey. Codebook for machine-readable datafile. Umeå: Department of Sociology.

Stenberg, K., & Svallfors, S. (1992) Åsikter om den offentliga sektorn. Kodbok för maskinläsbar datafil. Umeå: Department of Sociology.
ISBN: 9179240410

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Published: 2009-07-17
Last updated: 2019-11-18