Post-Crimea Barometer (Public opinion data: representative samples of the adult population in Hungary, Bulgaria and Latvia, including the Russian-speaking minority)

SND-ID: 2023-224. Version: 1. DOI:


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Joakim Ekman - Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences

Kjetil Duvold - Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences orcid

Sten Berglund - Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences

Research principal

Södertörns högskola - School of Social Sciences rorId

Principal's reference number



Opinion data from Hungary, Bulgaria and Latvia (including the Russian-speaking minority).

This survey focuses on relations with and attitudes towards Russia in three East European countries with a record of close ties with Russia – Latvia, Hungary, and Bulgaria. The survey was carried out against the backdrop of Russia´s annexation of Crimea and Eastern Ukraine. It may be the very first survey to tap East European reactions to Russia’s drastic attempt to redraw the map of post-war Eastern Europe. The 2015 Post-Crimea Survey asks many of the key questions in the Baltic Barometer questions about identity, democracy, and the European Union (Baltic Barometer 2014).

Data contains personal data


Sensitive personal data


Type of personal data

Indirect identifiers, names of politicians


Method and outcome

Unit of analysis


Sample of population in Hungary, Bulgaria and Latvia

Time Method

Time period(s) investigated

2015-06-01 – 2015-11-30



Number of individuals/objects


Data format / data structure

Data collection
  • Mode of collection: Interview
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 2015-06-01 – 2015-11-30
  • Data collector: TNS Latvia
  • Source of the data: Population group
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Bulgaria, Latvia, Hungary, Eastern Europe

Administrative information

Responsible department/unit

School of Social Sciences


  • Funding agency: Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies rorId
  • Funding agency's reference number: A024-12
  • Project name on the application: European Values under Attack? Democracy, Disaffection and Minority Rights in the Baltic states
Topic and keywords

Research area

Political science (excluding public administration studies and globalisation studies) (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)


Public opinion


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Ekman, Joakim & Kjetil Duvold (2018). "Ethnic divides in the Baltic states : Political orientations after the Russian–Ukrainian crisis", in Felix Jaitner, Tina Olteanu & Tobias Spöri, eds. Crises in the Post‐Soviet Space (pp. 121–136). doi: 10.4324/9781351234467-7
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-42257

Berglund, Sten & Georgi Karasimeonov (2019) “In the EU and NATO but Close to Russia — Post-Crimea Attitudes in Bulgaria and Hungary”, Polish Political Science Review 7 (2), 1-18. doi: 10.2478/ppsr-2019-0010

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Version 1. 2023-11-17

Version 1: 2023-11-17


Contact for questions about the data

Published: 2023-11-17