VALU 1991-2022 - SVT exit poll surveys parliamentary election 1991-2022

SND-ID: 2023-101-1. Version: 1. DOI:

Is part of collection at SND: SVT exit poll surveys


Alternative title

VALU 1991-2022 RV

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Henrik Ekengren Oscarsson - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Per Näsman - Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Safety Research

Sören Holmberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science

Mikael Pettersson - Sveriges Television

Research principal

Sveriges Television rorId


Exit poll surveys (VALU) have been carried out at all parliamentary elections, referendums and European Parliament elections since 1991 by Sveriges Television (SVT) in collaboration with researchers at the Division of Safety Research, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm and the Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg. The main purpose of VALU is to provide analytical support for the election night broadcast on Swedish television during the election night, as well as for other post-election analyses.

In VALU, voters leaving polling stations are asked by public service broadcaster Sveriges Television to fill in a questionnaire and put it anonymously in a sealed box. After collecting and processing the responses, Sveriges Television can present an election forecast and analysis of the reasons underlying the outcome of the election in its election night broadcast. This survey method has been successfully used in many countries with the purpose of election forecast and analysis.

Data contains personal data



Method and outcome

Unit of analysis


Swedish electorate

Time period(s) investigated

1991 – 2022



Number of individuals/objects



Weighting for vote choice (national election)

Data format / data structure

Data collection
  • Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 1991 – 2022
  • Instrument: VALU 1991-2022 RV (Structured questionnaire)
  • Source of the data: Population group
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Sweden

Lowest geographic unit


Highest geographic unit


Administrative information

Commissioning organisation

Sveriges Television AB

Topic and keywords

Research area

Elections (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Political behaviour and attitudes (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Social sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Political science (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)


Sort by name | Sort by year

Hernborn, Hans, Sören Holmbeg, Per Näsman & Torbjörn Thedéen (2006) Valu i allmänhetens tjänst. Stockholm: Sveriges Television AB.

Hernborn, H., Holmberg, S., Näsman, P., & Thedéen, T. (2002). Valu Swedish Exit Polls.
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144307

Holmberg, S., Näsman, P., & Gustafsson, T. (2015). Så tycker väljarna.
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-251073

Holmberg, S., Näsman, P., & Wännström, K. (2012). Väljarnas röst.
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141429

Holmberg, S., & Näsman, P. (2009). Valu är public service.
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143864

Holmberg, S., & Näsman, P. (2010). Väljarna i fokus.
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71341

Holmberg, S., Näsman, P., Oscarsson, H., & Gudmundson, K. (2020). Lyssna på väljarna.

Holmberg, Sören, Per Näsman, Henrik Oscarsson, Mikael Pettersson & Per Oleskog Tryggvason (2023) Väljarna avgör. Stockholm: Sveriges Television AB.

Hernborn, H., Holmberg, S., Näsman, P., & Thedéen, T. (2003). Valu Sveriges Televisions vallokalsundersökningar.
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144305

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Published: 2023-05-24