Air quality valuation using online surveys in three Asian megacities

SND-ID: 2020-199-1. Version: 1. DOI:

Is part of collection at SND: Environment for Development


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Jie-Sheng Tan-Soo - National University of Singapore

Research principal

Environment for Development Initiative - National University of Singapore


This data is from an internet survey of 4,500 individuals from the cities of Jakarta, Beijing, and Delhi. The surveys were conducted around early-2019. The survey contains questions on basic socioeconomic characteristics, and their responses to contingent valuation questions on willingness to pay for improved air quality.

The data were collected using online surveys to carry out a contingent valuation for air quality improvements in three Asian megacities facing severe pollution problems – Beijing, Delhi, and Jakarta.

Data contains personal data



Method and outcome

Unit of analysis


residents in Jakarta, Delhi, Beijing

Time Method

Sampling procedure

Time period(s) investigated

2019-02-01 – 2019-03-31



Number of individuals/objects


Data format / data structure

Data collection
  • Mode of collection: Web-based interview
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 2019-02-01 – 2019-03-01
  • Source of the data: Research data
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: India, Indonesia, China

Lowest geographic unit


Highest geographic unit


Administrative information

Responsible department/unit

National University of Singapore


Ping Qin - Renmin University of China

Marc Jeuland - Duke University

Subhrendu Pattanayak - Duke University

Eric Finkelstein - Duke-NUS University

Xiaobing Zhang - Renmin University of China


  • Funding agency: Environment for Development

Ethics Review


Topic and keywords

Research area

Social and economic geography (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)


Air pollution


J.S. Tan-Soo, E. Finkelstein, P. Qin, M. Jeuland, S. Pattanayak (2020) Air Quality Valuation Using Online Surveys in Three Asian Megacities, EfD Discussion Paper Series October 2020, EfD DP 20-33

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Published: 2021-01-29
Last updated: 2024-01-02