Divergent pattern between phenotypic and genetic variation in Scots pine - 746 unrelated genotyped Pinus sylvestris from 24 different populations across Northern Europe

SND-ID: 2020-208-2. Version: 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5878/rjzz-jk23


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

David Hall - Umeå University, Ecology and Environmental Science orcid

Research principal

Umeå University - Ecology and Environmental Science rorId


In this study, we sampled 54 Scots pine populations from the Norwegian coast over the Arctic Circle to western Russia covering 47.3 longitudes or more than 1/8th of the earth’s circumference, which represents the most comprehensive coverage of Northern Europe to date. We inferred variation in autumn phenology and dormancy progression from freeze hardiness tests conducted on >5000 seedlings, of which >900 seedlings from 24 populations were genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). Our main goal was to evaluate adaptive responses in Scots pine at phenotype and genotype levels. Evaluation of cold hardiness along environmental and geographical gradients would contribute to an understanding of the performance of these gradients for predicting freeze damage levels. The genotype data allow evaluation of genetic variance across landscapes and thus shed light on the degree of genetic-environmental association and the recolonization history of Scots pine in Scandinavia.

Text file as gzipped vcf (.vcf.gz). See "pheno_pop.txt" for more information on each individual.

Data contains personal data



Method and outcome

Time period(s) investigated

1985 – 2017



Data format / data structure

Data collection
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Northern Europe

Geographic description: Data from Scots pine seeds collected from Norway, Sweden, Finland, Arkhangelsk- och Komi- regions of Russia

Administrative information

Responsible department/unit

Ecology and Environmental Science

Topic and keywords

Research area

Bioinformatics (computational biology) (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Genetics (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Evolutionary biology (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Forest science (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Biota (INSPIRE topic categories)

Geoscientific information (INSPIRE topic categories)

Environment (INSPIRE topic categories)

Location (INSPIRE topic categories)


Hall et al. 2021. Divergent pattern between phenotypic and genetic variation in Scots pine. Plant Communications
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xplc.2020.100139

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Published: 2021-01-29